Arduino board was designed in the Ivrea Interaction Design Institute intended for students without a background in electronics and programming concepts. These Arduino boards started altering to adapt to new requirements and challenges, separating its present from simple 8-bit boards to products for IoT (Internet of Things) applications, 3D printing, wearable, and embedded applications. All boards are entirely open-source, allowing users to build them separately and finally adapt them to their exact needs.
A wide range of level sensor measurement systems are made available for addressing the various parameters such as a wide range of applications, high-accuracy needs, and system installation requirements and practices. Measurement technologies are made available in different versions to address a wide range of measurement needs, or to address a speciﬁc application. [Read more…]
The acronym of the term Op-Amp is an operational amplifier and it is a one type solid state integrated circuit. In the year 1963 the first op-amp is manufactured by “Fairchild Semiconductors”. The op-amp is the basic building blocks of analog electronic circuits that perform a various types of analog signal processing tasks. Operational amplifiers use external feedback to control its functions and these are the multipurpose devices in all electronic devices. Op-Amp has two inputs and one output termed as inverting and noninverting. IC 741 op amp is the most common op-amp used in various electronic circuits. The main function of an op-amp is to amplify AC and DC signals and also for mathematical operations like addition, multiplication, subtraction, etc. These op-amps are used in many applications like oscillators, comparators, filters, pulse generators and in various electronic circuits. [Read more…]
The 8051 Microcontroller is one of the basic type of microcontroller, designed by Intel in 1980’s. This microcontroller was based on Harvard Architecture and developed primarily for use in embedded systems technology. Normally, this microcontroller was developed using NMOS technology, which requires more power to operate. Therefore, Intel redesigned Microcontroller 8051 using CMOS technology and their updated versions came with a letter C in their name, for instance an 80C51 it is an 8 bit microcontroller. [Read more…]
Electronic industry has simulations and prototyping as their important segments since a long period. Electronic companies design the hardware dedicated to their products with their standards and protocols which makes it challenging for the end users to reconfigure the hardware as per their needs. This requirement for hardware led to the growth of a new segment of customer-configurable field programmable integrated circuits called FPGAs. In this article, we discuss FPGA Architecture and Applications.
Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) are the major components in industrial automation and control systems. The controlling nature of PLC is ranging from simple- push button switching to a single motor to several complex control structures. The PLC programming is an important task of designing and implementing control application depending on customers need. A PLC program consists of a set of instructions either in textual or graphical form, which represents the logic to be implemented for specific industrial realtime applications. [Read more…]
In our day-to-day life we frequently use different types of sensors in several applications such as IR sensor used for operating television remote, Passive Infrared sensor used for automatic door opening system of shopping malls and LDR sensor used for outdoor lighting or street lighting system, and so on. In this article we will discuss about a few types of sensors and their applications in brief. But, primarily we must know what is a sensor. [Read more…]
Capacitors are used commonly and useful as an electronic component in the modern circuits and devices. The capacitor has a long history and usage with more than 250 years ago the capacitors are the oldest electronic component being studied, designed, developed and used. With further technology, the capacitors are come up with different types based on their factors. In this article, we are discussing the most popular and most useful types of capacitors. The capacitor is a component and it has the ability to store energy in the form of electrical charge produces the electrical difference across its plates and it is like a small rechargeable battery.
The term wireless refers to the communication or transmission of information over a distance without requiring wires, cables or any other electrical conductors. Wireless communication is one of the important mediums of transmission of data or information to other devices. The Communication is set and the information is transmitted through the air, without requiring any cables, by using electromagnetic waves like radio frequencies, infrared, satellite, etc., in a wireless communication technology network.
The Bluetooth is a wireless technology, used for transferring the data from one device to the other device. The distance between the two devices is very short from the fixed, mobile device and building personal area network. The Bluetooth technology is developed by the Bluetooth special interest group and its physical range is from 10m to 100m. The Bluetooth device can connect up to seven devices and it is used in the industry like smartphones, personal computers, and gaming consoles, etc. The IEEE standardized Bluetooth as IEEE 802.15.1, but the standards are maintained for short periods.