In this digitized world, most of mankind's life turns around sensors and sensors hold a prominent role in our lives. Making every activity as automatic, one can find multiple kinds of sensors in their workstation, home, car and in many other places. So, let’s start with the definition of what sensor means to and how it created a great impact on the lives of mankind ? Sensors are the devices where those receive input signals and provides an output in correspondence with the physical change. The … [Read more...]

## Binary Adder and Subtraction Circuits and its Types

Binary Adder and Subtraction Circuits are known for the operations that are used in digital computations. There are various processes performed by the digital circuits among which arithmetic operations are prominent. The operations can be successfully implemented by using 'Logic Gates'. There are various gates such as AND, OR, NOT and NAND,exclusive OR etc… among all those exclusive OR is preferred for the addition of binary values. There is a basic difference between the Inclusive type of … [Read more...]

## Basics of UART Communication

Communication plays a significant role in transferring information from one end to another end (source to destination). In this digital landscape where most of the day-to-day tasks are completed through portable devices, communicating the data effectively by utilizing conventional resources is a crucial task. Moreover, with the existence of myriad modes of communication devices and embedded platforms in a single architecture, transferring data without any disturbance or noise in the signal is a … [Read more...]

## Decimal to Octal and Octal to Decimal Conversion

Decimal & Octal Numbering System The Octal Numbering system is another number systems which is used in the digial world. In the electronics based systems the processors and the devices prefer Binary format. The decimal system is the standard numbering format which is understandable by all humans but the binary number is difficult for humans to remember or read. Hence Octal and hexadecimal systems came into existence . These are used in processors/machines. It is because, a number in … [Read more...]

## Decimal to Hex and Hex to Decimal Conversion

Decimal to Hex and Hex to Decimal conversions are the mostly widely used one in processors. Both systems belongs to represent the number in different codes. Based on the number of digits present the respective base of the system is defined. The Decimal system consists of ten digits that are from 0 to 9. The Hexadecimal system consists of 16 digits from 0 to F. The conversion from the other base numbering system like octal,binary,hexa to decimal can be done through one of the method called the … [Read more...]

## Octal Numbering System,Conversion of it to Binary

Octal Numbering System The numbering system that consists of ‘8’ digits of numbers in it can be known as Octal Numbering System. This system is almost the same as that of the Hexadecimal system. In this, each number is encoded with three bits grouped. In similar to another system the coding is based on positions. The position allotment starts from the LSB. The weight of each position is the power value of 8. The numbers present in this system are 0, 1,2,3,4,5,6,7. During the earlier stages … [Read more...]

## Decimal Numbering System and Binary Numbering System Conversions

Decimal Numbering System is an extension of the Hindu-Arabic Numeral Numbering system. Earlier Counting of larger number was difficult but by the introduction of Decimal Numbering System it became easier. This system is represented with the radix 10 or base 10. This number system came into existence after the invention of zero by an indian mathematician. This is the widely used number system throughout the world. Likewise in the machine to machine communication or man to machine … [Read more...]

## Tantalum Capacitor Working, Polarity, Marking and Uses

Tantalum Capacitor is among one of the types of the ‘Electrolytic capacitors’. This type of capacitor is Polarized in nature. In this capacitor a porous tantalum metal is used as Anode. It is further covered by the conductive layer known as Cathode. There is a layer of oxide present in it which acts as the Dielectric. It is known for the capability of generating higher amounts of capacitance/volume. The reason for generating the capacitance high is that the dielectric in it is of very thin … [Read more...]

## Summing Amplifier its Output Voltage Calculation and Applications

Summing amplifier, as the name goes it sums up the multiple inputs and provides a single output. At the input side, the inputs applied consists of multiple signals that is connected parallelly. This type of amplification circuit can be designed based on inverting or an non-inverting amplifiers. The single output from a summing amplifier can be determined by using the concept of the ohms law. Multiple input signals applied consists of resistors attached before it is connected to the … [Read more...]

## Hexadecimal Numbering System Conversion to Binary Numbering System

Hexadecimal Numbering System and the Binary Numbering System are used to represent the numbers in the ‘Digital Systems’. The language of all the computational processors which we used in our daily life cannot understand the general words. It can understand only 1's and 0's. The words or the programming languages need to be converted to machine languag to make the processor understand the language. The conversion of values from hexadecimal to binary seems to be easier. This is the main reason … [Read more...]