Cloud Computing Question & AnswersMarch 15, 2021 By WatElectronics This article lists 100 Cloud Computing MCQs for engineering students. All the Cloud Computing Questions & Answers given below include a hint and wherever possible link to the relevant topic. This is helpful for users who are preparing for their exams, interviews, or professionals who would like to brush up their fundamentals on Cloud Computing topic.Cloud computing is an internet computing technique, that provides facilities like shared computer processing resources and data exchange between cloud and devices. Its main function is to manage data and services on a cloud application. There are two types of cloud computing models namely the deployment model and service model. Where deployment model is further divided into three types public cloud, private cloud, and hybrid cloud. Service models are of three types namely - IaaS infrastructure as a service, PaaS – Platform as a service, Saas – software as a service.The advantage of using computing cloud service models is that they are hassle-free, flexible, more secured. Some of the popular computing cloud services are AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform. The main advantage of using these cloud services is that it provides easy data management without the need of downloading the data onto the local system. 1). Cloud computing refers to which of the following.Application and services that run on a distributed network using virtualized resourceApplication that runs on a distributed network using virtualized resourceServices that run on a distributed network using virtualized resourceOption b aloneHintCloud computing refers to applications and services that run on a distributed network using virtualized resources. 2). Soft Cloud computing represents ______ in the way in which systems are deployed.A real paradigm shiftA imaginary shiftBoth a and bA imaginary paradigm shiftHintSoft Cloud computing represents a real paradigm shift in the way in which systems are deployed. 3). ______ as a utility is a dream from the beginning of the computing industry itself.ComputingModelHardwareSoftwareHintComputing as a utility is a dream from the beginning of the computing industry itself. 4). _______ as a service develops application upon an existing cloud computing application infrastructure.PlatformSoftwareHardwareAnalyticsHintThe platform, as a service, develops application upon an existing cloud computing application infrastructure. 5). Which of the following is a feature of cloud storage?Logon authenticationBare fileMultiplatform supportBandwidthHintLogon authentication is a feature of cloud storage. 6). Which of the following system provide limited storage to the user?Paas – platform as a serviceIaas - infrastructure as a serviceSaas – software as a serviceBoth a and bHintIaas: infrastructure as a service is a computing cloud service, that provides limited storage to the user. 7). How many types of computing cloud services are present?2345HintComputing cloud services are of three main types they are Paas – platform as a service, Iaas - infrastructure as a service, Saas – software as a service. 8). Which cloud computing infrastructure has the capacity to manage cloud capacity automatically?Small instanceLarge instanceMedium instanceAll the aboveHintSmall instance cloud computing infrastructure has the capacity to manage cloud capacity. 9). Which of the following is the main concern related to cloud computing?SecurityCostSpacePlatformsHintSecurity is the main concern related to cloud computing. 10). Which of the following company is not a vendor of cloud computing?AmazonGoogleMicrosoftBlackboardHintBlackboard is not a vendor of cloud computing. 11). Is google doc related to cloud computing?YesNoMaybeHintYes, Google Docs related to cloud computing. 12). Which of the following are commercial cloud computing models?LadderSubscriptionPay per userLicenseOption b, c, d aloneHintSubscription, pay per user, license are commercial cloud, computing models. 13). Which of the following is the least preferable cloud computing in demand?PaasSaasIaasHaasHintHaas; hardware as a service is the least preferable cloud computing in demand. 14). Is internet connection required in cloud computing?YesNoDepends on the situationHintYes; an internet connection is required in cloud computing. 15). What does the word Cloud represents in cloud computing?InternetWirelessDataDiskHintThe word Cloud in cloud computing represents the internet. 16). IBM deep blue is a major cloud computing.TrueFalseHintIBM deep blue is not a major cloud computing. 17). How many types of cloud computing are there?2345HintThere are 4 types public cloud, private cloud, hybrid cloud, and community cloud. 18). Public cloud is also called as _______.Paas – platform as a serviceIaas - infrastructure as a serviceSaas – software as a serviceHaas - hardware as a serviceHintPublic cloud is also called Saas – software as a service. 19). Which of the following is the feature of Saas?MultitenancyReduces the price of IT infrastructureTime managementAll the aboveHintThe following are the feature of Saas they are it is a multitenancy architecture, it reduces the IT infrastructure price and manages the time. 19). Which of the following is an advantage of the public cloud?Good scalable factorCost-effective in terms of implementation and maintenanceIt can be accessed from any locationAll the aboveHintThe advantage of the public cloud is it has a good scalable factor, it is a cost-effective process in terms of implementation and maintenance, It can be accessed from any location. 20). Which of the following are the enhanced services provided by a private cloud?ScalabilityCustomizationCost effectiveBoth a and bHintA private cloud provides services like scalability, customization. 21). Public cloud activities are managed by _______.External partiesThird partiesSingle partyBoth a and bHintPublic cloud activities are managed by external parties or third parties. 22). Which of the following is an advantage of a private cloud?Provides better security than public cloudProvides data clustering propertyProvides system monitoring propertyAll the aboveHintThe advantage of a private cloud is it provides better security than a public cloud, clustering property, and monitoring a property of data. 23). Hybrid cloud is a combination of _______.Private cloudPublic cloudCommunity cloudBoth a and bHintThe hybrid cloud is a combination of both private cloud and public cloud. 24). Which of the following are the advantages of hybrid cloud?AgilityIt is an automated approachProvides greater authentication factorAll the aboveHintThe advantages of a hybrid cloud are that it provides agility, it is an automated approach, it provides a greater authentication factor. 25). Community clouds are _______ systems.Distributed systemsIsolated systemsNon isolated systemsPublic systemsHintCommunity systems are distributed systems.Cloud Computing Interview Questions & Answers 26). Which of the following are the advantages of a community cloud?Replication featureHigh security factorProper management of the systemCustomization facilityAll the aboveHintThe advantages of the community cloud are, it provides information replication features, has a high-security factor, it provides proper management of the system, and provides a customized facility. 27). Which technique is used in creating cloud computing?TransubstantiationVirtualizationInsubordinationCannibalizationHintThe technique is used in creating cloud computing is Virtualization. 28. Cloud computing is a ________ computer architecture.Graphical depictionComputerComputing depictionNone of the aboveHintCloud computing is a Graphical depiction of Computer architecture. 29). Which of the following statement is true for cloud computing?Data stored in the cloud can be accessed at any time irrespective of locationIt is less costOnly few are authorizedBoth a and bHintIn cloud computing, data stored in the cloud can be accessed at any time irrespective of location. 30). A private cloud is ________.It is a cloud maintained within an enterprise data centerIt can be accessible by anyoneIt is offered offlineAll the aboveHintA private cloud is maintained within the enterprise data center. 31). Community cloud allows the services and systems accessible to _______.Organization groupPrivate groupConfidential groupBoth b and cHintCommunity cloud allows the services and systems accessible to an organization group. 32). Which of the following statement is true related to private cloud?Both system and services are accessible within an organizationOnly services are accessible within an organizationOnly systems are accessible within an organizationNone of the aboveHintA private cloud allows both services and systems to access within an organization. 33). Which of the following provides an environment for runtime applications?PaaSSaaSXaaSIaasHintPaaS platform as a service provides an environment for runtime applications. 34). XaaS – Anything as a service is classified into _______.3 types4 types5 types6 typesNone of the aboveHintXaaS – Anything as a Service is classified into 4 types, namely – network as a service NaaS, business as a service BaaS, identity as a service IaaS, database as a service DaaS. 35). Resource sharing and polling is observed in ________.Abstraction cloudPolymorphism cloudVirtualization cloudAll the aboveHintResource sharing and polling are observed in the virtualization cloud. Here all applications are run in physical systems and are publicly accessed. 36). The essential requirement of the cloud is ________.AbstractionReliabilityExtractionProductivityHintThe essential requirement of the cloud is reliability. 37). Amazon uses ________as a cloud platform.AWSAzureOperaGdriveHintAmazon uses AWS as a cloud platform, which provides many benefits to users like it rents virtual computers to users and offers infrastructure as a service. 38). What we do in the planning phase of cloud computing?Analyze the strategy related to customer issuesImplement the strategy related to customer issuesDesign the strategy related to customer issuesBoth b and cHintIn the planning phase of cloud computing, we analyze the strategy related to customer issues. 39). What are the steps involved in the planning phase of cloud computing?Cloud computing planningCloud computing value propositionBoth a and bSoftware cloud computingHintThere are 2 steps involved in the planning phase of cloud computing namely, cloud computing planning and cloud computing value proposition. 40). _______ is a phase where one can identify the cloud computing risk of an application in a business.Business architectureComputing architectureSoftware architectureNone of the aboveHintBusiness Architecture is a phase where one can identify the cloud computing risk of an application in a business. 41). Quality of service is a ________ requirement in cloud computing.FunctionalNon functionalBasicNone of the aboveHintQuality of service is a non-functional requirement in cloud computing. Some of the non-functional requirements are security, disaster recovery. 42). Which of the following is a functional requirement in cloud computing?Quality as serviceDevelopment of serviceDevelopment of the planTechnical related serviceOption b, c, d aloneHintThe functional requirement in cloud computing includes Development of service, development of a plan, technical related service. 43). Which of the following phase is considered a deployment phase?Development of plan transformation phaseDevelopment of business architecture phaseDevelopment of IT architecture phaseAll the aboveHintThe development of the plan transformation phase is considered a deployment phase. 44). How many steps does the deployment stage in cloud computing have?2345HintThe deployment stage in cloud computing has 3 steps namely, computing cloud service provider selection, cloud maintains, and technical service step. 45). Cloud services provide ________ relationship with their users.One to oneMany to oneOne to manyNone of the aboveHintCloud services provide one to many relationships with their users. 46). Cloud service like Rackspace’s is also known as ________.Cloud serverCloud on demandWeb cloud serviceE-commerce based cloudHintCloud service like Rackspace’s is also known as a cloud server. 47). RightScale company is specialized in cloud computing ________ and ________.Tool managementCloud ServicesTransactionsboth a and bHintRightScale company is specialized in computing cloud services and tool management. 48). Test and use case methodologies are most popular in _______ type of cloud computing.Public cloud computingPrivate cloud computingHybrid cloud computingBoth a and bHintTest and use case methodologies are most popular in the public type of cloud computing. 49). Which of the following are the examples of IaaS cloud computing?Digital oceanLinodeCisco meta cloudAll the aboveHintIaas: Infrastructure as a Service cloud computing examples are the digital ocean, Linode, cisco meta cloud. 50). Which of the following include examples of SaaS cloud computing?Google workshopDropboxSalesforceAll the aboveHintEx examples of SaaS software as a service cloud computing are google workshop, dropbox, salesforce.Cloud Computing Exam Questions & Answers 51). Which of the following are the examples of PaaS?AWS Elastric BeanstalkGoogle App EngineHerokuAll the aboveHintPaaS: Platform as a service examples are, AWS Elastric Beanstalk, Google App Engine, Heroku. 52). Which of the following are the advantages provided by SaaS delivery?It eliminates the need to downloadAllows one to manage data onlineStores data on the cloudAll the aboveHintThe advantages provided by SaaS delivery are it eliminates the need to download, it allows one to manage data online, and stores data on a cloud. 53). Which of the following are the limitations of SaaS?Weak interoperabilityWeak vendor lock-inLack of integration supportAll the aboveHintThe limitations of SaaS are weak Interoperability, weak vendor lock-in, Lack of integration support. 54). Which of the following are the advantages of PaaS?It is available highlyIt is a scalable platformIt can be migrated to a hybrid model easilyAll the aboveHintThe advantages of PaaS are, it is available highly, it is a scalable platform, it can be migrated to a hybrid model easily. 55). Which of the following is not the characteristics of PaaS?Accessible to multiple users on the same applicationIt is virtualized technologyMerges database and web servicesAll the aboveHintThe characteristics of PaaS are accessible to multiple users on the same application, merges database and web services, it is virtualized technology. 56). Which of the following are the limitations of PaaS?Weak data securityWeak integrationVendor lock-inAll the aboveHintThe following are the limitations of Paas, they are weak data security, weak integration, vendor lock-in. 57). Which of the following are the advantages of IaaS?It is flexible serviceI is commercial based on user requirementIt automates the deployment of storage, servers.All the aboveHintThese are the advantages of IaaS - it is a flexible service, it is commercial based on user requirement, it automates the deployment of storage, servers. 58). Which of the following are the characteristics of IaaS?It is a flexible and dynamic platformIt facilitates single hardware access to many usersIt is highly scalableAll the aboveHintThe characteristics of IaaS are - it is a flexible and dynamic platform, it facilitates single hardware access to many users, it is highly scalable. 59). Which of the following are the limitations of IaaS?Weak securityLegacy systems operating in the cloudWeak multi-tenant securityAll the aboveHintThe limitations of IaaS - weak security, legacy systems operating in the cloud, weak multi-tenant security. 60). What are the components of cloud service?Software, infrastructure, platformInfrastructure, software, hardwareSoftware, hardwareHardwareHintThe components of cloud service are software, infrastructure, platform. 61) Which of the following OS is compatible with cloud computing?LinuxMac OSWindowsAll the aboveHintCloud computing can be compatible with Linux, mac os, windows operating systems. 62). What is the console used in AWS?CSSCDACASAll the aboveHintThe console used in AWS is CSS. 63). Service virtualization is provided by which of the following resources to end-users?IP addressVLANBoth a and bEthernetHintService virtualization is provided by IP address and VLAN resources to end-users. 64). SIMPLE is a ________ protocol.Standard protocolOpen standard protocolDemand protocolClose standard protocolHintSIMPLE is a standard protocol. 65). The content in virtual appliances is in _________ format.UnstructuredStructuredBoth a and bNone of the aboveHintThe content in virtual appliances is in an unstructured and structured format. 66). Web services stacks has ________ as a basis.SOAPWSDLVMCCUDDIHintWeb services stacks have SOAP as a basis. 67). Which of the following model is used in SOAP messaging?WSDLDHMLSOAVMCHintWSDL: web service description language model is used in SOAP messaging. 68). Issues in IaaS are shared with which of the following services?SaaSPaaSXaaSBoth a and bHintIssues in IaaS are shared with SaaS ( software as a service) and PaaS ( platform as a service). 69). The frame work used in I-card metaphor is _________.HughesHigginsXACMLBoth a and bHintThe framework used in the I-card metaphor is Higgins. 70). Which type of authentication is used for high security in cloud technology?Two-factor authenticationOne-factor authenticationThree-factor authenticationFour-factor authenticationHintTwo-factor authentication is used in clod technology to provide high security. 71). Which of the following is the benefit of creating resource storage in a multitenant system?Pooling of resourceUsing network up to a maximum limitSelf-service on demandBoth a and bHintThe service provider of the cloud creates resource storage in a multitenant system, so that pool of users can use it. 72). A cloud accessing customer cannot blindly trust a cloud service provider for ________.PrivacyScalabilityReliabilityBoth a and bHintA cloud accessing customer cannot blindly trust a cloud service provider for their data privacy. 73). Which of the following feature fastens the process of application with high speed, using batch processing methodology?ReliabilityScalabilityUtilityElasticityHintA feature that fastens the process of application with high speed, using batch processing methodology is scalability. 74). Which software from the following is used in implementing balancing data load?F6’s BigIPApache mod_proxy_balancerApache mod_proxyApache mod _balancerHintApache mod_proxy_balancer is a software from the following is used in implementing balancing data load. 75). DNS is a _________ resource to balance the load.ServerNetworkLoadStorageHintDNS is a network resource to balance the load.Cloud Computing MCQs with Answers 76). Workspace manager is a _________ balancer.More sophisticated load balancerLess sophisticated load balancerIs a load balancerEither a or bHintWorkspace manager is a more sophisticated load balancer. 77). Which of the following statement of ADC is correct?It combines load balancer and application server and places in the serverIt is a load balancer placed in the serverIt is an application server in a serverNone of the aboveHintAn ADC is a combination of load balancer and application server and places in server. 78). Which of the following has less security service?IaaSSaaSPaaSXaaSHintIaaS infrastructure as a service has less security service compared to other security service. 79). Data should be ______ and ______ in an _____ form for security purpose.Transferred, stored, decryptedStored, encrypted, transferredTransferred, stored, encryptedAll the aboveHintData should be transferred and stored in an encrypted form for security purposes. 80). Cloud computing doesn’t have _______ with respect to internet applications.VulnerabilitiesObjectsSoftwareNetworkHintCloud computing doesn’t have vulnerabilities with respect to internet applications. 81) CSA has ______ and ______ operational domain.Portability, interoperabilityScalability, flexibilityScalability, portabilityPortability, flexibilityHintCSA has a portability and interoperability operational domain. 82). Web metrics is a tool used for ________ purpose in cloud computing.Used for web performance managementUsed for load testingBoth a and bData privacy testHintWeb metrics is a tool used for web performance management and load testing purpose in cloud computing. 83). The feature that provides system optimization and tracks all transaction is _________.ScalabilityElasticitySecurityAll the aboveHintThe feature that provides system optimization and tracks all transaction is elasticity. 84). Which is the highest hierarchy of cloud computing product service?IaaSPaaSSaaSSaaPHintSaaS software as a service is the highest hierarchy among other cloud computing product services. 85). Which of the following provides facilities to many OS to run their memory?VMcMalwareMcAll the aboveHintVMC provides facilities to many OS to run their memory. 86). Does IBM Deep Blue a major cloud computing platform?YesNoMaybeDepends on the applicationHintNo, IBM Deep Blue is not a major cloud computing platform. 87). VMware-led open source PaaS is a ___________.Cloud foundryMemoryData cloudAll the aboveHintVMware-led open source PaaS is a cloud foundry. 88). Client is a ________ end in cloud computing.BackendFront endCan be either a or bBoth a and bHintA client is a front end in cloud computing. 89). Cloud computing product named Elastic Compute was released in the year _________.2000200620072010HintA Cloud computing product named Elastic Compute was released in the year 2006. 90). Time-sharing concept was popularized by, which of the following vendors?IBMDECAmazonAll the aboveBoth a and bHintThe time-sharing concept was popularized by, IBM and DEC vendors. 91). Amazon released its AWS in which year?2000200820062001HintAmazon released its AWS in the year 2006. 92). Sovereign cloud was released by __________ government in 2009.IndianFranceGermanyUSAHintSovereign cloud was released by France government in 2009. 93). Microsoft Azure was released by _________ vendor.MicrosoftIBMAmazonDellHintMicrosoft Azure was released by the Microsoft vendor. 94). Microsoft Azure was released in which year?2010201220092006HintMicrosoft Azure was released in the year 2010. 95) Google Compute Engine was released in which year?2000200920102012HintGoogle Compute Engine was released in the year 2012. 96). Which of the following is mostly used by Microsoft Azure?LinuxMicrosoftAzureAll the aboveHintLinux is mostly used by Microsoft Azure. 97). IBM Smart Cloud framework was released in which year _________.2011201020002001HintIBM Smart Cloud framework was released in the year 2011. 98). Oracle cloud was released by which of the following vendor?OracleLinuxMicrosoftAzureHintOracle cloud was released by oracle in the year 2011. 99). Which of the following statement is true for virtualization software?It separates physical computing devicesIt merges all the devicesIt transfers data to the cloudIt automates process commerciallyHintVirtualization software separates physical computing devices. 100). Cloud computing addresses which of the following.QoS – the quality of serviceReliabilityVulnerabilitiesBoth b and cHintCloud computing addresses reliability and vulnerabilities. Time is Up!