Electronic industry has simulations and prototyping as their important segments since a long period. Electronic companies design the hardware dedicated to their products with their standards and protocols which makes it challenging for the end users to reconfigure the hardware as per their needs. This requirement for hardware led to the growth of a new segment of customer-configurable field programmable integrated circuits called FPGAs. In this article, we discuss FPGA Architecture and Applications.
Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) are the major components in industrial automation and control systems. The controlling nature of PLC is ranging from simple- push button switching to a single motor to several complex control structures. The PLC programming is an important task of designing and implementing control application depending on customers need. A PLC program consists of a set of instructions either in textual or graphical form, which represents the logic to be implemented for specific industrial realtime applications. [Read more…]
In our day-to-day life we frequently use different types of sensors in several applications such as IR sensor used for operating television remote, Passive Infrared sensor used for automatic door opening system of shopping malls and LDR sensor used for outdoor lighting or street lighting system, and so on. In this article we will discuss about a few types of sensors and their applications in brief. But, primarily we must know what is a sensor. [Read more…]
Communication is the basic attraction of mankind as it gives the knowledge of what is going on around us. In our daily life, we communicate with many people and use the entertainment media like television, radio, internet and newspaper to get ourselves involved. These entertainment media act as a source of communication. Electronic communication comprises TV, radio, internet, etc. When we want to transmit a signal from one location to another, we have to strengthen the signal. After undergoing strenghthening process the signal travels to a long distance. This is called as modulation, and this article gives an overview of the modulation and types of modulation techniques. [Read more…]
The ARM microcontroller stands for Advance Risk Machine; it is one of the extensive and most licensed processor cores in the world. The first ARM processor was developed in the year 1978 by Cambridge University, and the first ARM RISC processor was produced by the Acorn Group of Computers in the year 1985. These processors are specifically used in portable devices like digital cameras, mobile phones, home networking modules and wireless communication technologies and other embedded systems due to the benefits, such as low power consumption, reasonable performance, etc. This article gives an overview of ARM architecture with each module’s principle of working. [Read more…]
Capacitors are used commonly and useful as an electronic component in the modern circuits and devices. The capacitor has a long history and usage with more than 250 years ago the capacitors are the oldest electronic component being studied, designed, developed and used. With further technology, the capacitors are come up with different types based on their factors. In this article, we are discussing the most popular and most useful types of capacitors. The capacitor is a component and it has the ability to store energy in the form of electrical charge produces the electrical difference across its plates and it is like a small rechargeable battery.
The term wireless refers to the communication or transmission of information over a distance without requiring wires, cables or any other electrical conductors. Wireless communication is one of the important mediums of transmission of data or information to other devices. The Communication is set and the information is transmitted through the air, without requiring any cables, by using electromagnetic waves like radio frequencies, infrared, satellite, etc., in a wireless communication technology network.
An embedded system is an electronic system that has a software and is embedded in computer hardware. It is programmable or non- programmable depending on the application. An Embedded system is defined as a way of working, organizing, performing single or multiple tasks according to a set of rules.In an embedded system, all the units assemble and work together according to the program. Examples of embedded systems include numerous products such as microwave ovens, washing machine, printers, automobiles, cameras, etc. These systems use microprocessors, microcontrollers as well as processors like DSPs. This article gives an overview of what is an embedded system and types of embedded system. [Read more…]
The Bluetooth is a wireless technology, used for transferring the data from one device to the other device. The distance between the two devices is very short from the fixed, mobile device and building personal area network. The Bluetooth technology is developed by the Bluetooth special interest group and its physical range is from 10m to 100m. The Bluetooth device can connect up to seven devices and it is used in the industry like smartphones, personal computers, and gaming consoles, etc. The IEEE standardized Bluetooth as IEEE 802.15.1, but the standards are maintained for short periods.
In today’s world there are wide varieties of solid-state, switch-mode, power-supply transistors to perform switching operations in power-electronic systems. All these have their own specifications in terms of current, voltage, switching speed, load, driver circuitry and temperature. Each one has its limitations and advantages as well, but its usage depends on the requirements of the application. [Read more…]